What do you say we get to know the batteries better than your car’s sine qua non? What is battery? What does it do? How does it work? What are battery types and features? What are the differences between the aqueous battery and the gel battery? How is Battery Care done? What should you do to prolong the life of the batteries? You will find everything you need to know about batteries in this article.
What is a battery? What does it do?
We give the battery name to devices that collect electrical energy as chemical energy and allow us to use it when necessary. The battery, which is also known as “battery”, “accumulator“, “accumulator” and “accumulator”, is the source of the electrical energy used by your car.
Tasks of the battery:
* It gives the starter motor the current to operate for the vehicle to move •
* Vehicle radio, heaters, in-car lamps, such as running electric vehicles by sending current provides their work.
* Voltage and amperage balance prevents damage to the receptors at high speeds.
How the battery works?
The battery’s operating principle is similar to that of batteries. The battery has two poles, one positive and one negative. These poles depend on the air conditioning, wiper, radio and engine ignition system in the vehicle.
The battery contains six sections called the cell. Each cell has two electrodes. There are 16 plates in a cell and the plates are divided into two, positive and negative plates. Positive plates contain lead dioxide and negative plates contain lead. The positive plate coated with lead oxide carries electrons in, and the negative plate composed of lead releases electrons. With the combination of plates, compressed grids are formed.
The plates float in a mixture of 65% water and 35% sulfuric acid. This liquid acts as electrolytes that transmit electricity to the battery. As a result of the interaction of plates with liquid, particles called electrons are formed and the movement of electrons in the grid creates the necessary energy for the vehicle to operate.
What are battery types and features?
According to the contents of batteries nickel iron, nickel cadmium, silver zinc is divided into varieties such as. The most common type of lead-acid battery in automobiles.
Lead acid batteries are divided into two groups: dry battery and aqueous battery. The most commonly used type of aqueous battery is the classic batteries called starter or SLI.
Today, with the expansion of vehicles using Start-Stop technology, start-stop batteries with higher performance, durability and high charging acceptance are becoming more preferred.
What is a wet battery?
Depending on the weather conditions, the batteries that you need to add pure water are called aqueous batteries. These batteries are referred to as well-maintained batteries. So how is the maintenance of aqueous battery? You should check for watery batteries, especially during the summer months. If you use such batteries, you should be careful not to drop the water level below the plate level, to secure the battery in a way that will not be affected by the shocks, and not to leave the battery charged.
What is a gel battery?
A type of dry battery, gel battery is called gel battery with electrolyte in the gel consistency. “How is gel battery care done?” he good news for those who think! The gel battery, also called the maintenance battery, does not require extra maintenance, such as the addition of water.
Faxes of gel batteries from aqueous batteries:
- Gel batteries have 75% more capacity when we look at the points separated from aqueous batteries.
- The prices of gel batteries, which offer higher performance, are also higher.
- One of the advantages of gel batteries is that there is no liquid in it, so there is no chance of damaging the environment by leaking.
- Gel batteries are known to last 4-5 times longer than aqueous batteries
•Gel batteries have a wide range of uses for solar energy systems from boats.
What is a start-stop battery?
With Start-Stop technology, the engine stops working when new generation cars are not needed. When you stop in heavy traffic or in red light, the engine stops and the maximum fuel efficiency is achieved.
The start-stop batteries for this new generation of cars work continuously to provide the car with the energy it needs. When we look at the difference between the start-stop battery and the high-charge and high-return battery life, it is remarkable.
How is Battery Care done?
The batteries need to be maintained periodically so that they can perform their functions for a long time. The battery, which you do not care about, can reduce the performance of your vehicle or cause you to stay on the road. You can perform battery maintenance at the service, or you can perform battery maintenance at your own pace in a few simple steps.
1. Make sure the battery Pole heads are clean.
When the battery Pole heads are oxidized, the current will not exceed your vehicle’s electrical parts
it’il stop working. As a result of oxidation of your car’s traction power may drop, sound
installations such as the system can be damaged. To prevent oxidation, you need to clean the polar heads with hot water or grease.
- Try to keep the battery away from metals.
Since batteries have a sensitive system, they can make short circuits if they come into contact with metal. To protect their structure, you need to keep batteries away from any metal.
- Check the water level.
You need to check the battery water so that the battery can perform its functions correctly. What is battery water? let’s explain briefly if you think. The acid in the battery is called the battery water. Battery water should be completed with pure water. Since acid is an extremely dangerous substance, gloves should be worn when adding water and water should be added with the help of funnel. For your safety, it is recommended that you include battery water in an authorised service.
4. Check the battery charger.
Especially in heavy vehicles, it is frequently observed that the battery fixing apparatus loosens or dislikes. In such cases, excessive jolt and loss of performance can be seen in vehicles.
- Measure the electrolyte level.
Electrolyte level must be between the minimum and maximum lines on the battery. Especially in hot summer, electrolytes can be reduced due to evaporation. When you notice that your electrolyte level is low, you need to add pure water. You should be careful not to exceed the maximum line when adding pure water. As a result of excessive filling, the liquid inside the cell can overflow and damage the cables and connections inside the vehicle.
- Check the voltage value.
If you are using a battery, you should check the voltage values to measure the charging level. The voltage value of the battery is below 12.4 volts, indicating that you need to charge the battery.
What should be considered in battery maintenance?
There are some things to watch out for when caring for your battery.
- Check that the ventilation holes on the battery are open.
- Be careful not to contaminate oil and fuel on the battery.
- The voltage and density of the batteries should be measured before they are used for long periods of time.
- Full charge can be made in winter to prevent the battery from freezing.
- If you are not going to drive your car for more than 15-20 days, it is recommended that you remove the battery Pole heads.
- Sudden air changes may cause the battery to explode.
- The gases released by the battery are harmful to human health.
Factors Affecting The Life Of Batteries
What do you have to pay attention to to get maximum efficiency from your car’s battery and extend its lifespan?
Storage Of Batteries
- Shelf life of the batteries varies between 12 and 18 months.
- Lead acid batteries should not be kept empty or partially discharged.
•Long-term stored batteries need to be recharged every 6 months.
Attention To Charging
The ideal level of charging is important for battery efficiency. Excessive charging and low charging lead to a rapid depletion of the life of the batteries.
Effect Of Temperature On The Flux
Extremely high and extremely low ambient temperatures shorten battery life. The recommended ambient temperature for the battery is 20°C to 25°C.
The batteries need to be charged with DC voltage. AC voltage reduces the working life of the batteries.
How Can Battery Attenuation Be Understood?
You can get support from the service to recharge your battery or learn to recharge your battery with your own facilities.
How to charge a battery step by step?
- Get a battery booster cable to charge your battery.
- Bring a full battery or vehicle with the battery to the side of your car.
- Plug the red wire into the + pole of both batteries.
* Connect the tongs of the black cable to the – poles.
- Your battery will start to charge when you start your car.
- If you are filling from another vehicle, you should also start the vehicle to which you are filling in order to avoid weakening the battery.
How Do We Know The Battery Is Dead?
When you get in your car and press the anthem, the battery may be exhausted if it works late and this is repeated frequently. If car indicators are not working when you turn the ignition, this may be due to the fact that the battery is still dead. The simplest clue to the end of the battery is that the horn is not working.
When Is The Battery Replaced?
The life of the battery may vary depending on the conditions of Use and the place of use. The battery life in passenger cars is expected to be between 4-5 years and 2-4 years in commercial vehicles.
How To Change Battery
Batteries have a certain lifetime and when this time expires you must replace them with a new one. You can do this by going to a service or you can easily change the battery of your car when you get the necessary materials.
To replace the battery, you need to locate the battery first. Usually when you open the hood of the new generation of vehicles, the battery can be in the trunk or under the seat. To turn the battery on, you must first clean the Pole heads. With the help of a switch, you must disconnect the negative and then the positive pole and remove your battery from your vehicle. You can place the new battery in your vehicle. At the last and most important stage, you need to connect the positive (+) and negative (-) poles correctly.